46 years of terrorist attacks in Europe, visualized.

From 1970 to 2016: 5,215 people died from bombings. 2,463 from assassinations. 2,270 from assaults. 957 from hostage situations. 183 from hijackings. 88 from building attacks. Thousands wounded or missing.

From 1970 to 2016: 5,215 people died from bombings. 2,463 from assassinations. 2,270 from assaults. 957 from hostage situations. 183 from hijackings. 88 from building attacks. Thousands wounded or missing.

The attacks can happen anywhere: In a holiday market outside a historic church in Berlin, on the street during a national holiday in France, in an airplane over Scotland or during the first day of school in a small town in Russia.

[French police come under fire in Paris; three reported shot]

Sometimes, a plot fails – a detonator malfunctions or authorities make an arrest – and no one is injured.

Other times, an attack leaves a trail of death and destruction that can shake a nation, even a continent. But these incidents are nothing new.

400 deaths per month

Terrorism in Europe has killed 11,288 people in 18,811 attacks since January 1970, according to the University of Maryland National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism’s Global Terrorism Database, which tracks more than 170,000 foreign and domestic incidents worldwide.

In 2016, the number of deadly attacks across the continent continued to decrease. Despite fewer attacks, they were still deadly, killing more than 300 people in total.

Attacks in 2004 killed the most people, according to the university, with more than 800 deaths that year.

Attacks with at least one death

197019801990200020100100200300

One fatal attack

The frequency and deadliness of terrorist attacks have shifted from western to eastern Europe.

Western Europe
Attacks with at least one death
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Eastern Europe
Attacks with at least one death
197019801990200020100100200300

From the 1970s to the early ‘90s, attacks from separatist and extremist groups rippled in western countries, such as Northern Ireland and Spain.

By the mid ‘90s, the number of deadly attacks in the region fell. That wasn’t the case in the eastern region.

In the years after the fall of the Soviet Union, terrorist groups formed in the ensuing conflicts throughout the former Soviet republics, with some receiving support from foreign extremist groups, including al-Qaeda.

In recent years, the conflict in eastern Ukraine have led to a spike in terrorist attacks in eastern Europe.

Bombings have been the most common method used in fatal terrorist attacks since the 1970s

For further go to https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/world/a-history-of-terrorism-in-europe/?noredirect=on

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